Optimism Sinks Ahead of Major Token Unlock
OP Circulating Supply Set To More Than Double
By: Owen Fernau •Markets
Optimism’s token is sliding more than most major cryptocurrencies as holders are able to sell part of their allocations as of this week. The circulating supply of OP is set to more than double as a result.
OP is down by nearly 15% on the week, the second biggest drop among the top 100 digital assets. Traders are betting there isn’t enough demand for tokens of the second-largest scaling platform for Ethereum as part of the supply vests.
Core contributors and investors will be able to sell roughly 25% of their OP allocation on Tuesday, according to a dashboard from Token Unlocks. That equates to roughly 9% of the total supply of OP tokens.
OP circulating supply will rise from 335,376,391 to 644,159,767.35 after the unlock, which will happen at 12:01 a.m. New York time, according to a pinned post in Optimism’s Discord.
Tanawat, the pseudonymous founder of Token Unlocks, told The Defiant that the unlock of OP is “quite huge” compared to other recent releases of vested tokens.
The OP token unlock comes at a time when Optimism has received sign-ons from major projects in the crypto industry — Coinbase committed to using Optimism’s technology in February to develop its own rollup, a name for a scaling technology which resolves transactions on Ethereum. The controversial Worldcoin project also announced intentions to use Optimism’s mainnet for its identity solution this month.
A release called Bedrock, which both Coinbase and Worldcoin will use, is set to launch on June 6.
In the context of digital assets, vesting is a gradual release of tokens to parties like investors, core team members, and advisors. It’s a common practice generally meant to incentivize longer-term time commitments on the part of those who received token allocations.
Vesting structures come in various forms — Optimism has what’s called a “cliff” where many tokens are released at once. Some like DeFi’s leading decentralized exchange, Uniswap, are gradually emitting tokens after an initial airdrop.
Delaying unlocks, like the trading platform dYdX did earlier this year, can improve investor sentiment around a token, as the selling pressure is delayed.
Of course, vested token allocations aren’t the only way tokens’ supplies continually increase — liquidity mining mechanisms, whereby tokens are provided to incentivize certain user behaviors, also increase tokens’ circulating supplies.
While the shows of support from market leaders inspire confidence, the dynamic around the token is causing ripples of unrest because a significant amount of OP tokens remain either locked or not yet distributed by the project’s foundation.
Polynya, a well-known researcher in the crypto space, also levied criticisms at the Optimism Foundation, a company which stewards Optimism’s governance, for “underdistributing” the OP creating a dynamic of impending sell pressure.
It’s a big week for token unlocks in general — over 16% of 1INCH, the tokens of the decentralized exchange aggregator by the same name, is also set to unlock, according to Token Unlocks. Down less than 2% in the past week, 1INCH has proved more resilient than OP despite the unlock representing nearly $100M worth of tokens.
Other unlocks this week include 2.55% of HBAR, the token of the blockchain-like network Hedera. That unlock is worth $67.4M as of May 30.
Over $60M of SUI, the token of the eponymous blockchain, will be released too. Under 6% of the SUI token has been unlocked, according to Token Unlocks, meaning there’s a huge amount of impending selling pressure for the token.
Over $13M of DYDX, which represents less than 1% of the supply, will also be released this week.
The valuation of tokens for rollups like Optimism and Arbitrum also occupy a murky space, as The Defiant has explored previously.
Core contributors received 19% of the overall OP supply, while investors received 17%.
0xGeeGee, a pseudonymous trader, thinks investors are much more likely to sell their tokens than core contributors to the project. “If [core contributors] dump on the spot, I’m gonna laugh for half an hour straight,” they told The Defiant.
0xGeeGee thinks that it would be surprising to see Optimism’s core contributors sell their tokens, which would give a negative signal about the rollup’s long-term prospects.