Circle to Relocate Legal Domicile from Ireland to U.S.

The move comes ahead of the USDC issuer’s potential IPO, for which it filed paperwork with the SEC in January.

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outlines of Ireland and the US, connected by a glowing arrow

Circle, the issuer of DeFi's second-largest stablecoin, USD Coin, plans to change its legal domicile from the Republic of Ireland to the United States.

The relocation aligns with Circle’s stated intention of going public, with the company having filed a Form S-1 with the SEC in January. A spokesperson for Circle confirmed the move to Bloomberg, although specific reasons behind the decision were not disclosed.

This change is a significant step for Circle, particularly considering the tax and regulatory implications.

Historically, Ireland has offered reduced levels of corporate taxation compared to the United States. However, global tax reforms, particularly those led by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which clamped down on multinational enterprises (MNEs) to enforce a minimum of 15% tax on MNE profits worldwide, diminish the benefits once enjoyed by corporations in low tax jurisdictions.

Additionally, this move places Circle squarely under the regulatory oversight of the United States, including added scrutiny from the SEC.

Circle’s core business revolves around managing and operating the USDC stablecoin, which boasts a market capitalization of nearly $33 billion.

USDC Market Capitalization chart
USDC Market Capitalization

With its sights set on an IPO, the company appears to be aligning its legal and operational framework to bolster investor confidence and more effectively navigate U.S. regulatory waters.