Can DeFi Compete With Banks if Rates Keep Dropping?
The answer is yes :) Also, ETH locked in MakerDAO climbs after rate cut, and dYdX loan liquidators are making a killing
Hello defiers! This is what’s going on in DeFi,
- Dai borrowers taking their ETH to MakerDAO after rate cut
- This is how DeFi can compete with fintech as rates keep sliding
- dYdX loan liquidators made $400,000 of profit in one month
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MakerDAO is Eating Up All the ETH!
Okay, obviously not, but borrowers are increasingly pulling ether from other platforms and putting it as collateral on MakerDAO instead.
That’s a result from last week’s stability fee cut to 5.5 percent from as high as 20.5 percent in July. The 5.5 percent rate to borrow Dai, using 150 percent of ETH as collateral, on MakerDAO compares with rates of 9.9 percent on Compound Finance and 6.9 percent on dYdX, according to LoanScan.
That difference is causing ETH locked in Compound and dYdX to drop almost 20 percent and 5 percent this week, respectively, while ETH locked in MakerDAO contracts rose 6 percent, according to DeFi Pulse.
Image source: DeFi Pulse
Another consequence of cheaper borrowing costs is that Dai supply is now at a record high of almost 98 million.
Interesting to note that while ETH locked in Compound and dYdX is sliding, other assets, like Dai and BTC, are rising. That means users are still going to these platforms to deposit their assets, just not ETH as much.
But it’s only a matter of time until interest rates converge. Dai borrowing rates on Compound and dYdX are already sliding. Also, increasing Dai supply may start to push the price lower, in which case, a rate hike will be in order.
What Happens to DeFi Value Prop When Rates Drop?
The sliding interest rates in decentralized finance are a result of increasing liquidity. If DeFi continues to grow, borrowing and lending rates should tend to slide.
This year, the big selling point of DeFi has been: Earn double-digit interest on a dollar-linked asset, no matter where you are. That’s compelling to both developed-world users with near-zero returns on their savings accounts, and developing-world users with devaluing currencies and restricted access to dollars.
So what happens when DeFi can’t offer double-digit returns any more?
It’s been surprising to see how far rates have already slid. Lending rates for Dai have halved from over 10 percent in July to around 4 percent now. That’s still more than double what fintech apps like Betterment and SoFi are offering on dollar deposits, but the risk of holding Dai in DeFi is at least that much higher.
Image source: LoanScan
The answer to that question has two parts. The first is that DeFi rates will probably be at least marginally higher than those in traditional finance for a years to come, to reflect the higher risk of these platforms.
The second is that DeFi will have to compete on offering users both an experience and functionality that traditional finance just can’t. Being able to interact with an app without having to hand out a shred of personal information, accessing any type of securities regardless of your location or wealth, automating complicated investment strategies, earning interest or even your salary in real time.
Doing all this and more with minimum friction and cost, and being able to dig into the apps’ code and make a new one if you don’t like how it’s working.
Traditional banking apps will start to feel clunky, limiting, and hard to use. And that’s what will keep people coming back to DeFi. Marginally higher rates will be the cherry on top.
Traders Made $400,000 in One Month on dYdX
Traders liquidating under-collateralized loans on decentralized exchange dYdX made about $400,000 just in September, according to Ganesh Swami of data analytics firm Covalent.
dYdX users can put ETH as collateral to take out a loan and trade on margin. When the collateral drops below the required threshold of 115 percent of the loan amount, traders, or really bots controlled by traders, can come in and liquidate those under-collateralized loans.
Bots will use the collateral in the position to buy back the borrowed asset and repay principal plus interest. Whatever is left over after this will be returned back to the trader, minus a liquidation fee of 5 percent. This 5 percent bonus is what racked up a $400,000 profit two months ago, Swami found.
Over the twelve months through October, $58 million in loans have become under-collateralized on MakerDao, DyDx and Compound Finance, the major DeFi lending platforms, Chris Mann of Efrontier.io wrote. Liquidators are paid 3 to 5 percent of the loan amount, which has resulted in $2 million of profit over that period, Mann wrote.
With a 10x growth of the DeFi lending space in the next 2 to 5 years, annual liquidation revenues will be $24 million. If DeFi becomes as large as peer-to-peer lending, liquidations become a $110 million dollar market annually.
It’s not a huge market on its own, but it might be an interesting opportunity for individual traders, or for larger companies to include as one part of their business.
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